Advancements in Dentistry
Modern general dentistry has seen numerous technological advances in recent years. Most of these developments were made with the comfort of the patient in mind. As a result, visiting an advanced dental treatment center no longer needs to be worrisome. Instead, patients can take advantage of these recent advances in dental treatment to receive the best care possible.
Dental Public Health & Dental Hygiene
Public Health is a Para-clinical specialty of dentistry that deals with the prevention of oral disease and promotion of oral health. Public Health is involved in the assessment of key dental health needs and coming up with effective solutions to improve the dental health of populations rather than individuals.
Dental Hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (Oral hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It is important that oral hygiene be carried out on a regular basis to enable prevention of dental disease and bad breath. The most common types of dental disease are tooth decay (cavities, dental caries) and gum diseases, including gingivitis, and periodontitis.
Endodontics encompasses the study of the basic and clinical sciences of normal dental pulp, the etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the dental pulp along with associated periradicular conditions.
Endodontic treatment is one of the most common procedures. If the dental pulp (containing nerves, arterioles, venules, lymphatic tissue, and fibrous tissue) becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.
Orthodontics is a dentistry specialty that addresses the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of mal-positioned teeth and jaws, and misaligned bite patterns. It may also address the modification of facial growth, known as dentofacial orthopedics.
Periodontics: Periodontics is the dental specialty focusing exclusively in the inflammatory disease that destroys the gums and other supporting structures around the teeth. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal, or disease, and in the placement of dental implants
Prosthodontics: Prosthodontics is one of the branches of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth and the associated soft and hard tissues by prostheses (crowns, bridges, dentures) which may be fixed or removable, or may be supported and retained by implants.
Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. Pediatric dentists promote the dental health of children as well as serve as educational resources for parents. It is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD).It may include advice on preventing injuries to the mouth and teeth of children, diet counseling, and information on growth and development.
Geriatric dentistry, or Gerodontology, is the delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals. Geriatric dentistry is a crucial part of the health maintenance mechanism for the elderly and medically compromised individuals.
Oral Cancer and Oral pathology
Oral cancer, disease characterized by the growth of cancerous cells in the mouth, including the lips. Oral cancer is often associated with cancers of the cavity located behind the tonsils and the back of the throat (oropharyngeal cancer). Most cases originate from the flattened cells that make up the lining of the oral cavity (squamous cell carcinomas). Oral cancers can spread into the jaw and may occur simultaneously with cancers of the larynx, esophagus, or lungs.
Dental biomaterials involved in the natural tissues and biocompatible artificial materials that are used to restore decayed, broken teeth. Natural dental tissues involve enamel, dentin, cementum, bone, and alternative intraoral tissues. Dental biomaterials are unit largely used to replace broken or lost tooth substance, teeth and the jawbone.
Bioengineering is an elementary requirement for a dental cell recombination approaches to the tooth bioengineering is the ability for the bioengineered tooth primordia to evolve totally practical teeth, within the mouth.
Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance of teeth, gums and/or bite. It primarily focuses on improvement in dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance. Many dentists refer to themselves as "cosmetic dentists" regardless of their specific education, specialty, training, and experience in this field.
Conservative Dentistry is the branch of the odontology that cares with the conservation of teeth within the mouth. It embraces the practice of operative dentistry and dental medicine, and includes varieties of direct and indirect restorations of individual teeth within the mouth. The Department of Conservative Dentistry and Dental medicine offers graduation, Interns yet as postgraduate programs. The department has the progressive technology, a dedicated teaching and the non-teaching staff and the infrastructure to render effective and predictable services to patients. In conservative dentistry minimum of healthy tooth structure is removed throughout the restorative method, is inherently a fascinating dental objective. Passageway treatment is one amongst the most and commonly used treatments for maintaining the health of teeth. During this technique a surgery is performed wherever most of the affected the space is removed and it's full of varied dental quality fillings, that helps in impressive a lot of infection.
Digital dentistry refers to the use of dental technologies or devices that incorporates digital or computer-controlled components to carry out dental procedures rather than using mechanical or electrical tools. The use of digital dentistry can make carrying out dental procedures more efficient than using mechanical tools, both for restorative as diagnostic purposes. Used as a way to facilitate dental treatments and propose new ways to meet rising patient demands.
Robotics In Dentistry:
With the advancements in technology, robots are being used in every sector of science because of their ability to do precise work without exhaustion and it has made its way into dentistry as well. This short review of literature discusses the application of dental robotics ranging from patient robots to the robots used in endodontics, oral surgery, implantology, prosthodontics & orthodontics.
Nanodentistry is defined as the science and technology of diagnosing, treating and preventing oral and dental diseases, relieving pain, preserving and improving dental health using nanostructured material.
Nanodentistry can be used to diagnose, treat, and prevent oral and dental diseases. It can also be used to relieve pain and preserve or improve dental health.
A dental prosthesis is an intraoral (inside the mouth) prosthesis used to restore (reconstruct) intraoral defects such as missing teeth, missing parts of teeth, and missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate. Prosthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses. Such prostheses are used to rehabilitate mastication (chewing), improve aesthetics, and aid speech. A dental prosthesis may be held in place by connecting to teeth or dental implants, by suction, or by being held passively by surrounding muscles.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a surgical specialty focusing on reconstructive surgery of the face, facial trauma surgery, the oral cavity, head and neck, mouth, and jaws, as well as facial cosmetic surgery.
An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a regional specialist surgeon who treats the entire craniomaxillofacial complex: anatomical area of the mouth, jaws, face, and skull, head and neck as well as associated structures.
Veterinary dentistry is the field of dentistry applied to the care of animals. It is the art and science of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions, diseases, and disorders of the oral cavity, the maxillo-facial region, and its associated structures as it relates to animals. It is important to examine the whole animal, even when the primary complaint is the mouth. Some dental diseases may be the result of a systemic problem and some may result in systemic complications. In all cases, dental procedures require a general anaesthetic so it is important to establish the cardiovascular and respiratory status and canine and feline physiological values of the patient to avoid risks or complications.
Forensic dentistry or forensic odontology is the application of dental knowledge to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system. Forensic dentists are involved in assisting investigative agencies to identify recovered human remains in addition to the identification of whole or fragmented bodies; forensic dentists may also be asked to assist in determining the age, race, occupation, previous dental history, and socioeconomic status of unidentified human beings. Forensic dentistry is the proper handling, examination, and evaluation of dental evidence, which will be then presented in the interest of justice. The evidence that may be derived from teeth is the age (in children) and identification of the person to whom the teeth belong. This is done using dental records including radiographs, ante-mortem (prior to death) and post-mortem (after death) photographs and DNA. "Forensic odontology" is derived from Latin, meaning a forum or where legal matters are discussed.
The organs that provides our bodies with energy is called food and nutrition. Every day, we must add more nutrients from a sophisticated source to our bodies. A crucial component of nutrition is water. Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are all necessary. Similar importance to the use of preservatives for optimum health is given to the preservation of essential vitamins and minerals.
Nutrition is the biochemical and physiological process by which an organism uses food to support its life. It provides organisms with nutrients, which can be metabolized to create energy and chemical structures. Failure to obtain sufficient nutrients causes malnutrition. Nutritional science is the study of nutrition, though it typically emphasizes human nutrition.
Dental Education main vision is to develop future Practitioners and it is marked by both change and continuity. The aim of Dental education is to educate students on how to serve their patients and communities and it prepares students to continue to learn skills and improve knowledge throughout their practice. Continuing dental education is important for all professionals in the field of dentistry to provide the best care possible while having access to the latest preventive, diagnostic and treatment methods.
Dental Research will give professionals a chance to contribute to dental science and to become more familiar with the latest advancements and technologies. The Research and discoveries in the field of dentistry have led to revolution and paradigm shifts in terms of professional practice allowing dental students to develop in-depth understanding of the biosocial underpinnings in dental field.
Dental Pharmacology deals with the pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic applications, drug interactions, and adverse effects of various drugs frequently used in dental practice. It is the branch of pharmacology which relates with the study of drugs for the treatment of dental diseases. The common drugs are antibiotics, analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-periodontitis agents. Dental Pharmacology includes oral hygiene, Mummifying agents and drugs used for cavity. Oral hygiene deals with the care of oral mucous membrane and teeth. Mummifying agents are used to harden and dry the tissue of pulp.
Tooth Anatomy, Decay and Care
The tooth is one of the foremost part and complicated anatomy also as histological structures within the body. The tissue composition of a tooth is barely found in an oral cavity and is proscribed to the Dental structures. Every tooth is paired at an oral cavity an equivalent jaw, whereas the opposing the jaw has teeth that are classified at a same category.
Laser Dentistry is the use of lasers to treat variety of various dental conditions. Laser dental medicine probably offers a more settled treatment possibility for several dental procedures involving solid or soft tissue compared to drills and different non-laser tools. Laser Dentistry may cause less pain in some instances, so reduces the need for anaesthesia, and also reduce anxiety in patients uncomfortable with the use of the dental drill. It minimizes bleeding and swelling during soft tissue treatments. It may preserve healthier tooth during cavity removal.
Laser dentistry is used in different processes, including:
Treating tooth decay
Treating gum disease
Types of Lasers Used in Dentistry
Hard Tissue Lasers
Soft Tissue Lasers
Restorative Dentistry: is the study, analysis and integrated management of diseases of the oral cavity, the teeth and supporting structures. It comprises the rehabilitation of the teeth and the oral cavity to functional, psychological and aesthetic necessities of the individual patient, including the co-ordination of multi-professional working to achieve these objectives. The focus of the Restorative Dentistry speciality is to work with other dental, medical and surgical specialists and other clinical associates, to provide and support the integrated management and oral rehabilitation of patients with complex treatment needs.